The Lot lies at the northern extremity of the Midi-Pyrénées region, which stretches from the confines of the Dordogne Valley to the highest peaks of the Pyrenees, forming the heart of South-West France. The region comprises eight départements created during the reorganisation of government after the Revolutio, each one with a chief city or Préfecture ; which for us is Cahors.
Although small, just over 5200 km2, with a low population density (on average 32 people per square kilometre), the Lot has a rich and varied heritage with differing landscapes, architecture, farming practices and traditions. It can be divided into five main areas, plus the major river valleys, each with its own distinctive personality.
The underlying geology of the Lot explains this variety ; graduating from the ancient granite tocks of the hills bordering the Massif Central in the east, through the wide limestone plateau in the centre of the Lot, to the gently undulating chalk slopes of the south-west.